Sanctolide A, a 14-membered PK-NRP hybrid macrolide from the cultured cyanobacterium Oscillatoria sancta (SAG 74.79)
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Sanctolide A (1), a 14-membered polyketide-nonribosomal peptide (PK-NRP) hybrid macrolide, was isolated from the cultured cyanobacterium Oscillatoria sancta (SAG 74.79). The planar structure was determined using various spectroscopic techniques including HRESIMS, and 1D and 2D NMR analyses. The relative configuration was assigned by J-based configurational analysis in combination with NOE correlations. The absolute configuration was determined by Mosher ester and enantioselective HPLC analyses. The structure of sanctolide A (1) features a rare N-methyl enamide and a 2-hydroxyisovaleric acid, which are incorporated to form a 14-membered macrolide ring structure, comprising a new type of cyanobacterial macrolides derived from a PKS-NRPS hybrid biosynthetic pathway.
brine shrimp toxicity