Synaptotagmin 1 Is Necessary for the Ca2+ Dependence of Clathrin-Mediated Endocytosis
PublisherSociety for Neuroscience
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The role of Ca2+ in synaptic vesicle endocytosis remains uncertain due to the diversity in various preparations where several forms of endocytosis may contribute variably in different conditions. Although recent studies have demonstrated that Ca2+ is important for clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME), the mechanistic role of Ca2+ in CME remains to be elucidated. By monitoring CME of single vesicles in mouse chromaffin cells with cell-attached capacitance measurements that offer millisecond time resolution, we demonstrate that the dynamics of vesicle fission during CME is Ca2+ dependent but becomes Ca2+ independent in synaptotagmin 1 (Syt1) knock-out cells. Our results thus suggest that Syt1 is necessary for the Ca2+ dependence of CME.