LiFePO4 – 3 D carbon nanofiber composites as cathode materials for Li-ions batteries
Yarin, A. L.
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
MetadataShow full item record
The characterization of carbon nanofiber 3D nonwovens, prepared by electrospinning process, coated with olivine structured lithium iron phosphate is reported. The LiFePO4 as cathode material for lithium ion batteries was prepared by a Pechini-assisted reversed polyol process. The coating has been successfully performed on carbon nanofiber 3D nonwovens by soaking in aqueous solution containing lithium, iron salts and phosphates at 70°C for 2-4 h. After drying-out, the composites were annealed at 600°C for 5 h under nitrogen. The surface investigation of the prepared composites showed a uniform coating of the carbon nonwoven nanofibers as well as the formation of cauliflowers-like crystalline structures which are uniformly distributed all over the surface area of the carbon nanofibers. The electrochemical measurements on the composites showed good performances delivering a discharge specific capacity of 156mAhg-1 at a discharging rate of C/25 and 152mAhg-1 at a discharging rate of C/10 at room temperature.