Nature in corrosion-erosion surface for [TiN/TiAlN]n nanometric multilayers growth on AISI 1045 steel
Caicedo, J. C.
Caicedo, H. H.
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The aim of this work is to characterize the electrochemical behavior of [TiN/TiAlN]n multilayer coatings under corrosion-erosion condition. The multilayers with bilayer numbers (n) of 2, 6, 12, and 24 and/or bilayer period (Λ) of 1500 nm, 500 nm, 250 nm, 150 nm and 125 nm were deposited by magnetron sputtering technique on Si (100) and AISI 1045 steel substrates. Both, the TiN and the TiAlN structures for multilayer coatings were evaluated via X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. Mechanical and tribological properties were evaluated via nanoindentation measurements and scratch test, respectively. Silica particles were used as abrasive material on corrosion-erosion test in 0.5M of H2SO4 solution at impact angles of 30º and 90º over surface. The electrochemical characterization was carried out using the polarization resistance technique (Tafel), in order to observe changes in corrosion rate as a function of the bilayer number (n) or the bilayer period (Λ) and the impact angle. Corrosion rate values of 359 mpy for uncoated steel substrate and 103 mpy for substrate coated with n = 24 (Λ = 125 nm) under an impact angle of 30º were found. On the other hand, for an impact angle of 90º the corrosion rate exhibited 646 mpy for uncoated steel substrate and 210 mpy for substrate coated with n = 24 (Λ = 125 nm). This behavior was correlated with the curves of mass loss for both coated samples and the surface damage was analyzed via SEM 2 images for the two different impact angles. These results indicate that TiN/TiAlN multilayer coatings deposited on AISI 1045 steel represent a practical solution for applications in corrosive-erosive environments.