Exposure to Physical Activity Resources by Neighborhood Sociodemographic Characteristics in Copenhagen
Hostein, Bjorn E.
Powell, Lisa M.
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Background: To investigate socioeconomic patterning of pbysical activity resources in Copenhagen. Methods: We used multivariate logistic regression analysis to examine the association between pbysical activity-supportive resources [public open space (POS), cycling and walking patbs, sports facilities, and intersection density] and neigbborbood sociodemograpbic indicators (low education, recent immigrants, cbildren under 15 yr, and housebold income). Results: Neigbborhoods with high proportions of residents witb low education were most likely to bave POS (OR = 2.63; CI: 2.10-3.29), patbs (OR = 3.60; CI: 2.84^.56) and sports facilities (OR - 5.96; CI: 4.31-8.24). Mid-to-low income areas were less likely to contain POS (OR = 67; CI: 0.49-0.90), paths (OR = 0.36; CI: 0.26-0.50), and sports facilities (OR = 0.48; CI: 0.30-0.77). Areas witb cbildren were less likely to bave connected streets (OR = 0.51 ; CI: 0.31-0.83) but more likely to bave POS (OR = 1.40; CI: 1.15-1.70) and patbs (OR = 1.52; CI: 1.25-1.85). Conclusions: Residents living in areas with high proportions of low education or young cbildren are likely to bave bigb exposure to pbysical activity resources. Exposure to pbysical activity resources in Copenhagen may not explain tbe inequalities in pbysical activity behavior. Furtber examination of exposure to built environment resources is warranted.