|dc.contributor.author||Widén Holmqvist, Lotta||
|dc.contributor.author||Peterson, Elizabeth Walker||
|dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation||Ytterberg C, Einarsson U, Holmqvist LW, Peterson EW. A population-based study of fall risk factors among people with multiple sclerosis in Stockholm county. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 2013 May;45(5):452-7. doi: 10.2340/16501977-1129.||en_US
|dc.description||This is a copy of an article published in the Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine © 2013 Foundation for Rehabilitation Information||en_US
|dc.description.abstract||Objective: To identify factors associated with increased likelihood
of reporting a recent fall among people with multiple
sclerosis. This study was exploratory in its intent to examine
sense of coherence as a contextual influence on fall risk. The
study also sought to confirm that variables previously identified
as fall risk factors for people with multiple sclerosis
persist when tested in a population-based sample.
Design: The study was cross-sectional and data was obtained
in the context of a population-based study of people with
multiple sclerosis living in Stockholm.
Subjects: A total of 164 people with multiple sclerosis, age
range 19–79 years.
Methods: Data were gathered through established instruments.
Key instruments utilized included the sense of coherence
scale, the Lindmark Motor Capacity Assessment’s subscale
for balance, and the 10-metre walking test. A logistic
regression model examined factors associated with reporting
a fall in the past 3 months.
Results: Of the participants, 62 (38%) reported experiencing
at least one fall in the past 3 months. Reduced walking speed,
impaired balance, and weak sense of coherence were associated
with falls in the past 3 months.
Conclusion: These findings underscore the importance of
examining diverse and modifiable influences on fall risk, including
walking speed, balance and sense of coherence, in
future studies involving people with multiple sclerosis.||en_US
|dc.description.sponsorship||This research was supported by grants from the Centre for Health
Care Sciences (CfV); the Health Care Sciences Postgraduate School;
the Strategic Research Program in Care Sciences (SFO-V); the Swedish
Association of Persons with Neurological Disabilities (NHR); the Swedish
Research Council [grant number K2002-27VX-14316-01A]; and the
Vardal Foundation [grant numbers 1998/52, 2001/0036].||en_US
|dc.publisher||Foundation for Rehabilitation Information||en_US
|dc.subject||sense of coherence||en_US
|dc.title||A population-based study of fall risk factors among people with multiple sclerosis in Stockholm county.||en_US