Impairment of neurovascular coupling in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in rats is prevented by pancreatic islet transplantation and reversed by a semi-selective PKC inhibitor
MetadataShow full item record
We hypothesized that chronic hyperglycemia has a detrimental effect on neurovascular coupling in the brain and that this may be linked to protein kinase C (PKC)-mediated phosphorylation. Therefore, in a rat model of streptozotocin-induced chronic type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and in nondiabetic (ND) controls, we monitored pial arteriole diameter changes during sciatic nerve stimulation and topical applications of the large-conductance Ca2+-operated K+ channel (BKCa) opener, NS-1619, or the K+ inward rectifier (Kir) channel agonist, K+. In the T1DM vs. ND rats, the dilatory response associated with sciatic nerve stimulation was decreased by ∼30%, whereas pial arteriolar dilations to NS-1619 and K+ were largely suppressed. These responses were completely restored by the acute topical application of a PKC antagonist, calphostin C. Moreover, the suffusion of a PKC activator, phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate, in ND rats was able to reproduce the vascular reactivity impairments found in T1DM rats. Assay of PKC activity in brain samples from T1DM vs. ND rats revealed a significant gain in activity only in specimens harvested from the pial and superficial glia limitans tissue, but not in bulk cortical gray matter. Altogether, these findings suggest that the T1DM-associated impairment of neurovascular coupling may be mechanistically linked to a readily reversible PKC-mediated depression of BKCa and Kir channel activity.
type 1 diabetes