Distance-Guided Forward and Backward Chain-Growth Monte Carlo Method for Conformational Sampling and Structural Prediction of Antibody CDR-H3 Loops
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
MetadataShow full item record
Antibodies recognize antigens through the complementary determining regions (CDR) formed by six-loop hypervariable regions crucial for the diversity of antigen specificities. Among the six CDR loops, the H3 loop is the most challenging to predict because of its much higher variation in sequence length and identity, resulting in much larger and complex structural space, compared to the other five loops. We developed a novel method based on a chain-growth sequential Monte Carlo method, called Distanceguided Sequential chain-Growth Monte Carlo for H3 loops (DiSGro-H3). The new method samples protein chains in both forward and backward directions. It can ef- ficiently generate low energy, near-native H3 loop structures using the conformation types predicted from the sequences of H3 loops. DiSGro-H3 performs significantly better than another ab initio method, RosettaAntibody, in both sampling and prediction, while taking less computational time. It performs comparably to template-based methods. As an ab initio method, DiSGro-H3 offers satisfactory accuracy while being able to predict any H3 loops without templates.