Behavior of ASTM A325 bolts under simulated fire conditions: Experimental investigation
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Ltd.
MetadataShow full item record
Purpose - Heavy hex structural bolts have been used in a wide range of steel structures for many years. However, these structures remain susceptible to fire damage. Conducting fire experiments on full-scale steel structures is costly and requires specialized equipment. The main purpose of this research is to test, analyze and predict the behavior of ASTM A325 bolts under tension loading in simulated fire conditions and develop a reliable finite elementmodel that can predict the response of similar bolts without the need for repeated testing. Design/methodology/approach - The experimental work was conducted at the University of Wisconsin- Milwaukee, where an electric furnace was custom-built to test a bolted specimen in tension under elevated temperatures. A transient-state testing method was adopted to perform a group of tests on 12.7 mm (1/2'') - diameter A325 bolts. The tests were divided into two groups: The first one was used to calibrate the equipment and choose a final testing arrangement and the second group, consisting of four identical tests, was used to validate a finite elementmodel. Findings - The temperature-displacement and load-displacement response was recorded. The tested bolts exhibited a ductile fracture in which a cup-and-cone shaped failure surface was formed in the threaded section at the root of the nut. ASTM A325 bolts are widely used by engineers in building and bridge construction, the results of this research enable engineers to determine the behavior and strength of ASTM A325 bolts when such bolts when exposed to fire event. Research limitations/implications - Structural bolts are used to connect structural members, and they are part of structural assembly. To study the behavior of the bolts, the bolts only were investigated in a fire simulated in a furnace. The bolts studied were not part of a structural assembly. Practical implications - The results of this study enable engineers to evaluate the condition of ASTM A325 bolts when subjected to fire loading. Originality value - Tests were conducted at the University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee's structures laboratory to study the effect of fire on an ASTM A325 bolts. Many tests under fire loading have been performed by researchers on different components of steel structures, this study focuses on studying the behavior of ASTMA325 bolts which are widely used in the USA. © 2017 Emerald Publishing Limited.