The Association between Trajectories of Physical Activity and All-cause and Cause-specific Mortality
Cauley, Jane A.
Cawthon, Peggy M.
Ensrud, Kristine E.
PublisherOxford University Press
MetadataShow full item record
Background: The benefits of physical activity (PA) for health have primarily been evaluated during midlife. Whether patterns of change in late-life PA associate with overall and cause-specific mortality remains unclear. Methods: We examined the association between PA trajectories and subsequent mortality among 3,767 men aged ≥ 65 years. Men self-reported PA using the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly scale (PASE) at up to 4 time points from 2000 through 2009 (Year 7); mortality was assessed over an average of 7.1 years after the Year 7 contact. Group-based trajectory modeling identified patterns of PA change. Cox proportional hazards models described associations between patterns of change in PA, Year 7 PA, and subsequent mortality risk. Results: Three discrete PA patterns were identified, all with declining PA. Compared to low-activity declining men, moderate (HR = 0.78; 95% CI: 0.70, 0.88) and high-activity (HR = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.57, 0.83) declining groups were associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality. Among models with a single time-point, the last time point (Year 7 PA score) was a strong predictor of mortality with HR = 0.85 (95% CI: 0.78, 0.93) per SD increase in PASE score. PA patterns were not a risk factor for mortality after adjustment for the Year 7 PA score. Conclusions: Recent PA levels are a stronger indicator of subsequent mortality risk than PA patterns reported over the prior 7 years or prior PA level, suggesting that current PA rather than history of PA is the most relevant parameter in clinical settings.
CitationLaddu, D., Parimi, N., Cauley, J. A., Cawthon, P. M., Ensrud, K. E., Orwoll, E., . . . Osteoporotic Fractures Men Mr, O. S. (2018). The Association Between Trajectories of Physical Activity and All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality. Journals of Gerontology Series a-Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 73(12), 1708-1713. doi:10.1093/gerona/gly037
Date available in INDIGO2019-05-23T18:42:58Z
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