CdZnTe Radiation Detectors with HgTe/HgCdTe Superlattice Contacts for Leakage Current Reduction
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
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CdZnTe-based heterojunctionp-i-n or M-π-n detectors using HgTe/CdTe superlattice contacts are modeled and designed to reduce leakage currents under high electric fields and thereby improve X-ray and γ-ray detector performance. The employment of an n-type HgTe/CdTe superlattice as a contact layer can theoretically result in significantly less leakage current compared to a contact layer using either bulk semiconductors or metal contacts. The benefits arise from the ability to design HgTe/CdTesuperlattices to have large carrier effective masses in the electric field direction, which results in low carrier velocities. Nevertheless the density of states is lower than that of a comparable bulk semiconductor, which results in low carrier concentrations.
cadmium zinc telluride